Antalya

LOCATION

Antalya is located in the west Mediterranean region known as part of the Gold Coast. It is a beautiful city with excellent opportunities to explore ancient sites, along with fantastic beaches and beautiful scenery with spevtacular mountains.
The coastal plain of Antalya is covered in abundance with banana plantations, fruit orchards, palm trees and pine Forests.

HISTORY

In the 1st century BC the Pergamum King Attalus, instructed his men to find the most beautiful place on earth. Once found it was given the name of Attaleia. The Pergamum Kingdom was taken by the Romans in 133 BC. When the Roman Emperor Hadrian visited the City an arch was built to commemorate his visit, this can be seen today.

The city was taken by the Byzantines then by the Seljuks in 1207. The Seljuks gave the city a new name, and this was Adalya. They built the Yivli Minare. The Ottomans took the city from the Seljuks in 1391. In 1918, after WW1 the city was given to Italy. Antalya became a Turkish city in 1921. Since the 1960s Antalya has had a tourist boom.
There is an ancient castle that overlooks the harbour that is interesting to explore; Antalya Museum is also worth a visit. Ancient City, Hildirik Tower, Hadrians Gate and Yivli Minaret. The surrounding area of Antalya is full of historical sites to visit. Termessos, Perge, Aspendos, Phaselis and Olympos are all excellent historical sites to see, and also Duden Waterfall.

PLACES TO SEE

Kesik Minaret

This was a Roman Temple that was converted to a Church in 5 AD by the Byzantines. It was again changed to a Mosque in the 13th cent. It is also called “Broken Minaret” as it was struck by lightning which left a stump.

Karatay Medresse

This ancient Castle was built by Sultan Alaaddin Keykubad. It overlooks the ancient Harbour of Antalya; the view from here is excellent. The Harbour itself is worth exploring to see the old houses that nestle around it.

Fluted Minaret

This Fluted Minaret (Yivli Minare) in Republic Square, has become a symbol of the city, was built by the Seljuk Sultan, Alaaddin Keykubad in the 13th century. The Minaret stands at 38 meters.

Antalya Museum

This Museum is one of the best Archaeological Museums in the world. Here a collection of fossils, from Stone to Bronze age, costumes, arts and crafts can be seen. There are a collection of Statues of gods, (Gods Gallery), there are 15 statues depicting Gods such as Zeus and the Goddess Aphrodite. Mosaic pavements, jewellery, Carpets, Ottoman rooms and nomadic tents are all on display at this large Museum.

Kaleici

This is a complex full of hotels, restaurants, shopping and entertainment facilities. There is a marina here, which has been restored keeping in tune with Turkish characteristics, which can be seen at Kaleici. Old Ottoman houses have been restored and many are now hotels and shops.

Duden Waterfall

This fantastic site is located 10 km from the city centre, part of the Düden River which is one of the major rivers in Southern Anatolia. Here the Waterfalls cascade among the lush vegetation. An ideal place to relax and get away from the city, just by travelling a few kilometres. There is also a good sandy beach close by called Lara beach.

Caravanserais

Antalya was a seaport with many connections to trade routes. A Caravanserai is a place where travellers could stop to sleep, eat, and attend to animals. Hence there are many of these building in this area. Alarahan built by Sultan Alaadin Keykubad in 1231, Kirkgözhan and Sarapsahan both built by Giyaseddin Keyhüsrey 11 and Evdirhan are all worth a visit.

Karain Cave

This is where Human Remains as old as 50,000 years old were found. There is also a small museum here with exhibits from the Palaeolithic age.

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